Annual Drinking Water Quality Report for 2021- Rt 89

2021 Drinking Water Quality Report

Town of Seneca Falls – 130 Ovid St. Seneca Falls, NY 13148

(Town of Seneca Falls Public Water System ID# NY49011)

Town of Romulus – Rt 89 Water District – Romulus Water Department – NY4914588


The Rt 89 Water District purchases water from the Town of Seneca Falls via the Varick Water District.

To comply with State regulations, the Town of Seneca Falls, will be annually issuing a

report describing the quality of your drinking water. The purpose of this report is to raise

your understanding of drinking water and awareness of the need to protect our drinking water sources. Last year, your tap water met all State drinking water health standards.  This report provides an overview of last year’s water quality. Included are details about where your water comes from, what is contains, and how it compares to State standards.

If you have any questions about this report or concerning your drinking water, please contact James Varricchio, Chief Operator at 315-257-7104. We want you to be informed about your drinking water. If you want to learn more, please attend any of our Town Board meetings. The meetings are held on the first Tuesday of each month at 7:00P.M. in the Town Meeting Room located at 130 Ovid St, Seneca Falls, New York. If you have any questions concerning the water supply after it passes through our meter station, please contact Robert Stapleton at 607-869-9326 ext. 231. Also, you are welcomed and encouraged to attend our regular Town Board meetings on the third Wednesday of each month, 7:30 pm at the Romulus Town Hall. Or you may visit us on the World Wide Web at: 


In general, the sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of

animals or from human activities. Contaminants that may be present in source water include: microbial contaminants; inorganic contaminants; pesticides and herbicides; organic chemical contaminants; and radioactive contaminants. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the State and the EPA prescribe regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. The State Health Department, and the FDA’s regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health. Our water source is surface water drawn from Cayuga Lake. During 2021, our system did not experience any restriction of our water source. The treatment plants water intake is located 1,850ft from the western shore of Cayuga Lake and is in 25 feet of water.


Raw water is drawn into the treatment plant through a 30” diameter intake line. As the raw water enters the treatment plant, a coagulant is added to assist in the settling of particles that may be in the water prior to filtration. The coagulant currently being used is PAC (poly-aluminum chloride). This chemical causes the particles to attract to each other and become dense enough to settle by gravity. The treatment plant also has the ability to add activated carbon for taste and odor control. After settling takes place, the water enters one of the five filters located in the main building of the plant. The water passes through a layer of anthracite coal, GAC (granular activated carbon) and several layers of sand to remove any remaining particles larger than 0.3 NTU1. After filtration, the water enters a 450,000-gallon clear well tank that is located beneath the main filter building. This filtered water then passes through an ultra-violet light unit for disinfection. Gaseous chlorine is then added to the filtered/treated water to establish a free chlorine residual. This free chlorine residual prevents any bacteria growth in the distribution system. The now potable water is then pumped through a 20” diameter transmission main to the distribution system to supply the users and maintain the level of the storage towers.

Information regarding the Cayuga Lake watershed can be found on the Internet at or by contacting the Genesee/ Finger Lakes Regional Planning Council, 1427 Monroe Avenue, Rochester, NY 14618, 585-442-3770. This website is an excellent source of information regarding the characterization of the entire watershed.


Our water system serves approximately 9,000 people with 4,450 service connections. The number includes residential as well as commercial and industrial users. The total potable

water produced in 2021 was 323,843,000 total gallons for an average daily production of 887,241 gallons per day. Our highest single day of production was 1,655,000 gallons, which occurred on 11/17/2021. The cost for the amount of water to a Town customer is $61.75/quarter. This amount covers 1,200 cubic feet or about 8,976 gallons of water; water usage exceeding 1,200 gallons is charged 0.0468 ¢ per cubic foot.

In the Town of Fayette, Cayuga Lake Water District #3, the Town supplied 13,830,955 gallons of water (1,849,058 cu Ft) to its customers during 2021 at a rate of $3.00/1,000 gallons. All customers of this district should contact the Town of Fayette @ 315-585-6282 regarding any billing and/or service questions. The Town of Seneca Falls billed and supplied Fayette Water District #7 customers for 4,888,539 gallons (653,548 cu Ft).


As the State regulations require, we routinely test your drinking water for numerous contaminants. These contaminants include: total coliform, E. Coli, turbidity, alkalinity, total organic carbon, 21 inorganic compounds, nitrate, 25 volatile organic compounds, total trihalomethanes, and 52 synthetic organic compounds. The table included in this report depicts which compounds were detected in your drinking water. The State allows us to test for some contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently. Some of our data, though representative, are more than one year old. Anyone interested in copies of the individual laboratory reports can contact the Chief Operator, James Varricchio at 315-257-7104.

It should be noted that all drinking water, including bottled drinking water, might be reasonably expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791) or the Seneca County Health Department at 315-539-1945.

ContaminantViolation Yes/ NoDate of SampleLevel Detected (Avg/Max) (Range)Unit MeasurementMCLGRegulatory Limit (MCL, TT or AL)Likely Source of Contamination
Turbidity1 (Distribution System)  NO  11/19/210.03 Ave 2.15 Max 0.03- 2.15 Range  NTU  N/A  TT=<5 NTU  Soil Runoff
  Turbidity1  NO  7/01/210.074 Ave 0.25 Max 0.03- 0.25 Range  NTU  N/A  1.0  Soil Runoff
  Total Coliform  YES  9/9/21- 9/13/21  2 samples  N/A  0  >5% of samplesNaturally present in the environment.  
  E. Coli  YES  9/9/21  1 sample  N/A  N/A1 or more positive samples3Human and animal fecal waste.
    Nitrate    NO    9/30/21    0.91    mg/L    10    10Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks; sewage, Erosion of natural deposits.
  BariumNO9/30/210.025mg/L22Naturally occurring.
    Sodium    NO    9/30/21    32    mg/L  (See health effects)    N/ANaturally occurring; Road salt; Water softeners; Animal waste
Total Trihalomethanes Disinfection By-Products   (TTHM’s- chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform)          NO          1 sample per quarter @ 2 sites  57 Ave 38-70 Range @ Site #1   48 Ave 27-67 Range @ Site #2          µg/L          80          N/ABy-products of drinking water chlorination needed to kill harmful organisms. TTHM’s are formed when source water contains large amounts of organic matter.
    Total Trihalomethanes Disinfection By-Products Rt 89 Water District NY4914588            YES          1 sample per quarter @ 1 site        55.9-145 range   83.99- Running Annual Average          µg/L          80          N/ABy-products of drinking water chlorination needed to kill harmful organisms. TTHM’s are formed when source water contains large amounts of organic matter.
    Haloacetic Acid Disinfected By-products        NO      1 sample per quarter @ 2 sites26 Ave 19- 34 Range @ Site #1   23 Ave 13-27 Range @ Site #2        µg/L        60        N/A    By-products of drinking water chlorination needed to kill harmful organisms.
    Haloacetic Acid Disinfected By-products Rt 89 Water District NY4914588        NO    1 sample per quarter @ 1 site      19.8-37.3   27.025- Running Annual Average        µg/L        60        N/A  By-products of drinking water chlorination needed to kill harmful organisms.
  Copper    NO    12/16/200.035- 90% 0.001- 0.36 (range)4    mg/L    1.3      AL = 1.3Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits; leaching from wood.
  Lead    NO    12/15/200.0012- 90% ND-0.0024 (range)5    mg/L    0    AL= 0.015Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits.
FluorideNO    9/30/210.11mg/LN/A2.23= MCLNaturally occurring
NickelNO9/30/210.0012mg/LN/AN/ADischarge from stainless steel factories.
Methylene chlorideNO9/30/21<0.50Ug/LN/AMCL= 5.0 
                Total Organic Carbon                    NO                    7/1/21                AVG 1.66 MAX 2.0   RANGE 1.3- 2.0                    mg/L                    N/A                    TTTotal organic carbon (TOC) has no health effects. However, total organic carbon provides a medium for the formation of disinfection byproducts. These byproducts include trihalomethanes (THM’s) and haloacetic acids (HAAs). Drinking water containing these byproducts in excess of the MCL may lead to adverse health effects, liver or kidney problems, or nervous system effects, and may lead to an increased risk of getting cancer.
    Chlorine    NO    11/19/21Avg 1.78 Max 2.8 Range 0.8- 2.6    mg/L    N/A    4Additive to drinking water to control microbes.
    Microcystin From HAB’s (In Raw Water)        NO07/14/21 07/28/21 08/11/21 08/26/21 09/08/21 09/23/21 09/30/21 10/06/21 10/14/21 10/21/21 10/28/21 11/05/21<0.30 <0.30 <0.30 <0.30 2.7 0.69 4.5 <0.30 0.33 0.34 <0.30 <0.30        Ug/l        0        N/A      Harmful algae blooms.


  1. Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of the water. We test it because it is a good indicator of the effectiveness of our filtration system. Our highest single turbidity measurement for the year occurred on 7/01/21 (0.25 NTU). State regulations require that turbidity must always be below 5 NTU. The regulations require that 95% of the turbidity samples collected have measurements below 0.5 NTU.
  2. Since we had an E. coli positive sample, we triggered a Level 2 Assessment. We found E. coli bacteria, indicating the need to look for potential problems in water treatment or distribution. When this occurs, we are required to conduct assessment(s) to identify problems and corrects any problems that were found during these assessments. We were required to complete a Level 2 Assessment because we found E. coli in our system. There were no corrective actions required by the assessment.
  3. See footnote 2 above.
  4. The level presented represents the 90th percentile of the 40 sites tested. A percentile is a value on a scale of 100 that indicates the percent of a distribution that is equal to or below it. The 90th percentile is equal to or greater than 90% of the copper valves detected at your water system. In this case, 40 samples were collected at your water system and the 90th percentile value was the 36th value (0.0035 mg/l). The action level for copper was not exceeded at any of the sites tested.
  5. The level presented represents the 90th percentile of the 40 samples collected. The action level for lead was not exceeded at any of the sites tested. The 90th percentile value for lead is 0.0012 mg/L.


Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCL’s are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Action Level (AL): The concentration of a contaminant, which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirement, which a water system must follow.

Non-Detects (ND):  Laboratory analysis indicates that the constituent is not present.

Treatment Technique (TT): A required process intended to reduce the level od a contaminant in drinking water.

Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU): A measure of the clarity of water. Turbidity is excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person.

Milligrams per liter (mg/l): Corresponds to one part of liquid on one million parts of liquid (parts per million- ppm).

Micrograms per liter (µg/l): Corresponds to one part of liquid in one billion parts of liquid (parts per billion- ppb).

Pico curies per liter (pCi/L): A measure of the radioactivity in water.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL):  The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG):  The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contamination.

Level 2 Assessment: A Level 2 assessment is an evaluation of the water system to identify potential problems and determine, if possible, why an E. coli MCL violation has occurred and/or why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system on multiple occasions.


Town of Seneca Falls Water District, as you can see by the table, our system had a Level 2 Assessment triggered by a positive E. coli and total coliform at nearby sampling locations on September 9 and 13, 2021, and thus violated the MCL for E. coli. E. coli are bacteria whose presence indicates that the water may be contaminated with human or animal wastes. Human pathogens in these wastes can cause short-term effects, such as diarrhea, cramps, nausea, headaches, or other symptoms.

They may pose a special health risk for infants, young children, and people with severely compromised immune systems. We found E. coli bacteria violating the MCL, and indicating

the need to look for potential problems in water or distribution. When this occurs, we are required to conduct assessment(s) to identify problems and correct any problems that were found during these assessments. We were required to complete a Level 2 Assessment because we found E. coli in our system. There were no corrective actions required by the assessment.

Town of Romulus Rt 89 Water District, the table shows that our system uncovered some problems this year. The public water supply has levels of trihalomethanes above that specified by the New York State Department of Health. The district is required to sample water for trihalomethanes within the district’s distribution system each quarter of the year,

then average quarterly sample results obtain within the past twelve months. This value is called the Running Annual Average (RAA). The New York State Department of Health has set

the maximum contaminant level (MCL) for the Running Annual Average of trihalomethanes at 80 parts per billion. On 11/10/2021 (4th quarter sample) the Rt 89 Water District’s Public Water System Running Annual Average was 83.99 parts per billion or 3.99 parts per billion above the allowable concentration. Some people who drink water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience problems with their liver, kidneys, or central nervous systems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer. We are correcting this by increasing the frequency of flushing the water mains. Research as shown that the potential for the formation of trihalomethanes is the greatest the longer chlorine remains in contact with the organic matter in the water. Flushing reduces this “contact time” which reduces Trihalomethane formation.


If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women, infants, and you children. It is possible that lead levels at your home may be higher than at other homes in the community as a result of materials used in your home’s plumbing. The Town of Seneca Falls is responsible for providing high quality drinking water but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing you tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791) or at /lead.


Water containing more than 20 mg/L of sodium should not be used for drinking by people on severely restricted sodium diets. Water containing more than 270 mg/L of sodium should not be used for drinking by people on moderately restricted sodium diets.


The Town of Seneca Falls routinely monitors lake conditions to spot harmful algae blooms by our intake lines. During the HAB (Harmful Algae Bloom) season, we frequently sample for microcystin in our raw and finished water. Levels of the toxin have been detected in the raw untreated water entering the facility, but our treatment process has been successful in removing all of the toxin to ensure your drinking water remains unaffected.


During 2021, our system was complaint with applicable State drinking water operating and monitoring requirements.


Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas found in soil and outdoor air that may also be found in drinking water and indoor air. Some people exposed to elevated radon levels over many years in drinking water may have an increased risk of getting cancer. The main risk is lung cancer from radon entering indoor air from soil under homes.

For additional information call you state radon program (1-800-458-1158) or call EPA’s Radon Hotline (1-800-SOS-Radon).


Although our drinking water met or exceeded state and federal regulations, some people may be more vulnerable to disease causing microorganisms or pathogens in drinking water than the general population. Immunocompromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly

at risk from infections. These people should seek advice from their health care provider about their drinking water. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of

infection by Cryptosporidium, Giardia and other pathogens are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).


Although our system has an adequate amount of water to meet present and future demands, there are a number of reasons why it is important to conserve water:

  • Saving water saves energy and some of the costs associated with both of these necessities of life;
  • Saving water reduces the cost of energy required to pump water and the need to construct costly new, pumping systems and water towers; and
  • Saving water lessens the strain on the water system during a dry spell or drought, helping to avoid server water use restrictions so that essential firefighting need are met.

You can play a role in conserving water by becoming conscious of the amount of water your household is using, and by looking for ways to use less whenever you can. It is not hard to conserve water. Conservation tips include:

  • Automatic dishwashers use 15 gallons for every cycle, regardless of how many dishes are loaded. So, get a run for your money and load it to capacity.
  • Turn off the tap when brushing your teeth.
  • Check every faucet in your home for leaks. Just a slow drip can waste 15 to 20 gallons a day. Fix it up, and you can save almost 6,000 gallons per year.
  • Check your toilets for leaks by putting a few drops of food coloring in the tank, watch for a few minutes to see if the color shows up in the bowl. It is not uncommon to lose up to 100 gallons a day from one of these otherwise invisible toilet leaks. Fix it and you save more than 30,000 gallons a year.
  • Use your water meter to detect hidden leaks. Simply turn off all taps and water using appliances, then check the meter after 15 minutes, if it moved, you have a leak.


A sanitary survey was completed by the Seneca County health department in September of 2021. The system was found in compliance with sanitary code, and no violations were found.


During 2021, the following work was completed:

Distribution System:

  • 102 New water meters were installed.
  • New main line valves were installed, which help aid in shutting down sections of the system during a water main break. Many of the valves in the system were installed in 1900 are inoperable.
  • Radio reading equipment installed/updated at multiple locations. With this equipment water meters can be read remotely without physically going on the property. This can also provide real time data if a leak occurs at the residence.
  • The town has secured for a grant to replace all water meters in our system with modern units capable of being read remotely. Over half of the water meters in our system are over 30 years old and have to be read manually by an employee. This new system can be read at any time by the office staff on their computer when necessary.
  • Multiple water main leak repairs. Our system is aging, and water main leaks do happen. They are repaired quickly by our staff whenever they occur.

Treatment Plant:

  • Moving forward with the installation of a new CO2 injection system at the treatment plant. Currently we have no means of controlling the raw pH that comes out of the lake.
  • This system will now enable us to lower the pH of the raw water to better utilize chemicals and provide a better product to our customers.
  • Along with the CO2 injections system we are working on a caustic soda feed system. This system will allow us to increase the finish water pH before it enters the

distribution system. Being able to control finish water pH will help to keep the water from corroding the pipes and helps with corrosion control.

  • A complete replacement for the PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) was completed to replace the existing unit from 2004. This is essentially the computer that controls the treatment plant. The old system was obsolete, and all repair parts were discontinued. This would have been a serious issue in the event of a failure.
  • To keep a property secure, we are currently in the process of replacing sections of fencing that need repair at the water treatment plant.


Thank you for allowing us to continue to provide your family and/or business with quality drinking water this year. We ask that all our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community. Look forward to seeing our staff working in the street during the 2022 construction season, as many projects are currently planned. Again, if you have any questions about our treatment processes or water sample results, please feel free to contact Chief Operator James Varricchio at 315-257-7104. We look forward to serving our community for another year!


Superintendent- Joseph Tullo

Chief Operator- James Varricchio

Plant Operator- Brian DeVay

Plant Operator- Mason Hawker

Plant Operator- Edward Thurston

Plant Operator- Joshua Sahler

Maintainer- Fred Peterman

Maintainer- Joseph McLane

Maintainer- Eric Matthews

Senior Account Clerk- Sarah Wright

Senior Account Clerk- Heather Robson


Superintendent- Robert “Hobie” Stapleton

Town Secretary- Mary Farnsworth/ Morgan McLoud